The 5 Tools
Of Planning


Tools used by planners to guide growth

Although planning is by nature comprehensive and inclusive, in practice planners are very limited in the extent of power they have to effect change. For them, it is sometimes frustrating to develop well-thought-out proposals, only to have to wait on the judgement of others to see them come to fruition.

Planners have available to them only five basic tools with which plans can be implemented. However, if they are properly utilized, they can be very effective. The five basic tools are:

Tool Power to implement
Land use controls Police power
Targeted capital improvements Power to spend public monies
Taxation incentives Power to tax/ not tax
Land acquisition Purchase/ eminent domain
Persuasion Control of information sources

Suggested other pages...
Profile of Planning Department Reasons to Plan